Everyone who owns a home and cares about their yard and garden can make great use of a top quality chipper shredder. It can save you from countless long hours spent cleaning up all the twigs, leaves, and other debris that might collect around your garden. Having a wood chipper shredder means you can get all these things done in a fraction of the time.
A chipper shredder is capable of mulching any fallen branches in your yard, but can also handle shredding leaves, grass clippings, and more. This tool can completely change your life when it comes to matters of landscaping and gardening. Things that took you ages in the past can be done in minutes with the help of this gardener’s best friend.
However, because these machines are so useful, there are a ton of companies who offer them. This can make it a bit complicated to determine which of them you should purchase. We know how stressful this can be, so we’ve rounded up the top 9 best chipper shredders for 2019, so you do not have to.
This article will also look at the major factors to look at when purchasing a chipper shredder for sale. We’ll talk about the basics of operating one, so you know what to look at when selecting the right one for your home. Once you’re done with the reading, you’ll be ready to choose the perfect shredder for your specific needs.
Table of Contents
- 1 The Best Chipper Shredder: Reviews and Comparisons
- 2 Farmer Helper Wood Chipper BX42
- 3 Great Circle USA Heavy Duty Multi-Function Chipper Shredder
- 4 WEN 41121 Rolling Electric Wood Chipper and Shredder
- 5 Landworks Super Heavy Duty Gas-Powered Wood Chipper Shredder
- 6 Patriot Products CSV-2515 Electric Wood Chipper/Leaf Shredder
- 7 Sun Joe CJ602E Electric Wood Chipper/Shredder
- 8 Earthquake 22752 Chipper Shredder
- 9 PowerSmart PS10 Electric Garden Chipper/Shredder
- 10 DK2 Power Gas Powered Chipper Shredder OPC506
- 11 Guide to Selecting the Right Wood Chipper Shredder
- 12 Other Things to Know About Using a Chipper Shredder
- 13 Putting it Together
The Best Chipper Shredder: Reviews and Comparisons
|Farmer Helper Wood Chipper BX42||Gas||425 Pounds|
|\||Great Circle USA Heavy Duty Multi-Function Chipper Shredder||Gas||132 Pounds|
|WEN 41121 Rolling Electric Wood Chipper and Shredder||Electric||23 Pounds|
|Landworks Super Heavy Duty Gas-Powered Wood Chipper Shredder||Gas||132 Pounds|
|Patriot Products CSV-2515 Electric Wood Chipper/Leaf Shredder||Electric||95 Pounds|
|Sun Joe CJ602E Electric Wood Chipper/Shredder||Electric||26 Pounds|
|Earthquake 22752 Chipper Shredder||Gas||161 Pounds|
|PowerSmart PS10 Electric Garden Chipper/Shredder||Electric||29 Pounds|
|DK2 Power Gas Powered Chipper Shredder OPC506||Gas||395 Pounds|
Farmer Helper Wood Chipper BX42
One of the top features of the Famer Helper BX42 is that is provided reversible blades designed specifically for the machine. They are created of a high-grade, precision-cut, hardened steel that keeps the performance high while extending the reach of the cutting edge and the life of the chipper itself.
There are also air intake vents located on the side of the chipper that increases the level of blowing force. When air enters these vents, it can shoot chips up to a distance of 20 feet, which is extremely impressive.
This chipper shredder is built around a heavy-duty, oversized rotor where the chipping blades are located. It’s larger than normal to offer a faster tip speed for improved chipping. The inclusion of the heavy gauge steel assists with maintaining momentum and ensures you can get through strong wood nearly effortlessly.
Moving past the reversible blades, there are integrated twig breakers which have been designed to offer a high output force to chip wood into small pieces. This gives a consistent size of chips and allows them to shoot further from the chute.
The Farmer Helper BX42 offers a design that is easy to use even for beginners. It has adjustable chutes which you can set and control based on where you want the chips to wind up. Both the top deflector and chute can swivel 300 degrees to make that even simpler.
Another thing that makes this ideal for a novice is the inclusion of a self-feeding mechanism. It has a hopper that feeds the machine which is angled to brush against the blades and rotor to pull branches in without help. It’s also foldable for easier storage and transport.
The only real things to watch for when choosing this chipper shredder is that the coat paint finish tends to wear offer more quickly than you might expect. In addition, it isn’t the largest machine, so it might not be suitable for commercial use. However, it works well for any level of homeowner working in their yard or garden.
- High-quality reversible blade for top of the line chipping performance
- Features extra air vents for exceptional blowing
- Self-feeding feature is convenient and safe
- Offers an oversized rotor with a fast tip speed
- Chipper size may not be ideal for large jobs
- Paint may wear offer more quickly than wanted
Great Circle USA Heavy Duty Multi-Function Chipper Shredder
If you are looking for the best multi-function shredder and chipper on the market, this option from Great Circle USA is certainly a contender. This machine does a great job of smashing through tons of leaves but can also cut up branches without any problem. With the purchase of the separate vacuum kit, it can also handle all of your mulching needs.
This is an efficient and powerful machine that is built with a seven horsepower, 212 cc horizontal four-stroke single cylinder gas engine. It is fully capable of handling branches of up to three inches in diameter without any issues. It features a 15:1 reduction which will turn large branches into small wood ships in no time.
For volume chipping and shredding, the top hopper makes it easy to break down whatever you need. You can easily create mulch, which lets you get rid of leaves while leaving them in a great state to use in your garden as a recycling option. This can help you do your part for creating a sustainable ecosystem and landscape.
The cone chute accommodates large three-inch branches and will easily break them apart. It also offers auto-feeding so your hands don’t need to get in a dangerous place and can stay safe at all times. It also means you have less work to do yourself since the machine handles it.
If you have the vacuum attachment, sold separately, you can easily connect it to quickly suck up leaves that you want to shred up. After they are introduced to the device, it will make them into mulch that you can use in your yard. This is a great option that removes the need for a rake, so you can do other things.
No matter what you do with the machine, a side loading catch bag will hold all the chipped or shredded items for later use. This makes it easier than ever to keep your yard organized and clean around the year.
- Extremely durable and capable of heavy duty work
- Wide mouth to handle large amounts of leaves
- Capable of shredding touch branches and twigs
- Offers high mobility and great balance
- Gas powered engine can be fairly loud
- Emits lots of debris when being used
WEN 41121 Rolling Electric Wood Chipper and Shredder
This chipper shredder from WEN is going to be one of the few that draws your eye in right away. There’s no chance of losing it during a cloudy day due to its coloring which includes black with large orange accents. It also features a compact frame while being capable of great chipping and shredding in your garden.
The power behind this machine comes in the form of a 15-amp motor which can offer an impressive 8,000 cuts in a minute. That is a total of 130 cuts each and every second.
There are two seven inch blades included which rotate to chop through leaves, grass cuttings, twigs, and small branches. The blades are reversible and can be sharpened for better efficiency. As long as they are well taken care of, there should never be a need to replace them.
While the machine is supposed to be capable of cutting branches of up to 1.5 inches in diameter, those over an inch can sometimes be tricky. Sappy woods are also not its strong point and the shredding may not be done as well as expected. However, twigs and smaller branches have no chance against the WEN.
There is a slot on the top where you feed items through and it is not large enough to put through anything thicker than an inch and a half. This can be frustrating if you end up in a situation where the branch is just a tiny bit larger. However, it also means you can’t feed too much and jam the chipper shredder. You will need to keep pressure to feed wood into the shredder, so be careful while doing so.
There is a reasonably sized hopper at the bottom of the device that collects all the shredded materials. It’s also on wheels, so moving it around is not an issue. The shredder comes with a collection bag and a two-year warranty and many of the parts can be replaced.
- Features a powerful motor for efficient and quick work
- Safety hopper helps prevent injury during use
- Large cutting blades can cut through most medium branches
- Offers a two-year warranty meaning high durability
- Produces an inconsistent amount of noise
- Limit on the level of branch size that can go through
Landworks Super Heavy Duty Gas-Powered Wood Chipper Shredder
The Landworks Super Heavy Duty Chipper Shredder is a gas-powered heavy-duty chipper that is well-known due to its exceptional performance. It is specifically designed to offer the power tool you need for a home garden with several different elements to keep your yard looking amazing at all times.
This is a three-in-one tool that offers a top hopper where you can add leaves and other small debris of up to ½ inch. There is a side chute that is included for branches that can handle up to a three-inch diameter. Those who purchase a separate vacuum kit can hook it onto the back for easy vacuuming up of leaves and other debris in your yard.
This is a popular wood chipper shredder that has sold to millions and brought in tons of positive reviews relating to durability and functionality. It also offers all the most cutting edge technology that has come out recently to make your yard work easier than ever.
This machine has a three-in-one design which means that it can handle both chipping and shredding as well as mulching, assuming you use the vacuum kit. That means it can easily break down any of the branches, twigs, or leaves that you find in your yard quickly and easily.
This chipper shredder also works well as an attachment to a small tractor, lawn mower, or ATV which makes it endlessly portable from your home to your garden or wherever else you need to go. It also has wheels so you can pull it around when needed if you prefer to transport it that way.
It comes with a user manual that explains how to use it and offers safety tips. The engine is created to offer safety to the operator, but it is recommended that you always used eye and hand protection to avoid injury. It also comes with a three-year limited warranty, so you know it will last and keep up with you for years to come.
- Works great for smaller branches, twigs, and leaves
- Features a rounded chute for easy use
- V-type blade for quick and efficient cutting
- Offers a three-year warranty showing durability
- A bit more expensive than some options on the market
- Not useful for massive duty work
Patriot Products CSV-2515 Electric Wood Chipper/Leaf Shredder
Patriot Products is known for offering American made tools that are tough and stand the test of time. While their products are often more expensive than other options, what they offer can make it worth it for the person who needs to handle major jobs. The CSV-2515 is no exception to that rule and is a major piece of equipment.
This is a 14-amp electric wood chipper and leaf shredder that has a massive branch capacity of 2.5 inches. That makes it highly useful for those who need to handle more than a small backyard environment. It can handle things many of the other chippers cannot, which is a plus for many people.
It weighs 95 pounds which might seem heavy, but for everything it offers, this is fairly lightweight. It also is much more maneuverable than most gas powered chippers tend to be. It can go over rough terrain without any issue thanks for the wheeled design that this shredder boasts.
Of course, you need to stay close to a plug-in socket since it is electric, but it offers the environmental friendliness that many appreciate. When using this chipper shredder with an extension cord, it needs to be heavy-duty and cannot be longer than a hundred feet long since it requires 14-amps of electricity. That can be a problem in a large area.
While most chipper shredders are easy to maintain, this one by Patriot Products makes that even more accurate. It rarely jams thanks for the huge capacity so you can keep working without any unnecessary breaks. The blades need to be cleaned and sharpened on occasion, but that’s basically the maintenance the machine requires.
With a 1.5 horsepower motor and the ability to chop large branches and cut right through leaves, this is a great option for those who want a little something extra. It can handle whatever you choose to throw at it.
- Very light and offers great maneuverability
- Super touch American made chipper shredder
- Motor is low maintenance and extra durable
- Can handle branches of up to 2.5 inches
- Doesn’t work well with wet material
- Extremely expensive machine compared to others
Sun Joe CJ602E Electric Wood Chipper/Shredder
If what you want is a fairly inexpensive and popular chipper shredder for a small residential yard, the Sun Joe CJ602E is a fantastic option. It’s durable and powerful and boasts that by offering a two-year warranty upon purchase. This is an electric chipper shredder powered by a 15-amp motor that can generate up to 4,300 rpm.
This is best for residential use since it can only handle branches of 1.5 inches or smaller. However, it has a great reduction ratio that can turn leaves and branches into mulch in no time. As long as the branch fits in, you will end up with a super fine shred that promises a great consistency.
This machine will typically run very well, but you do want to be careful with it. Those who are looking for something that will take a ton of abuse may not find it there. There are reviews about the machine breaking or jamming if you feed it too much so being sure not to overfill it is extremely important.
While this chipper shredder may not be the fastest or the most powerful, it does the job. It is also extremely maneuverable and lightweight, which works well for homes with small backyards that need a bit of work. The wheeled design just adds to the ease of use with the device.
One of the nice things about using this chipper shredder around the home is that it comes with plenty of features to keep you and your family safe. It offers a safety hopper with a locking knob so the motor cannot work when it is open. It’s also easy to maintain and assemble so you can get going fast.
Those with small gardens and yards are going to love this wood chipper and leave shredder. It has a motor that can easily make mulch along with all the safety features you could want. It is also one of the quietest machines you can get your hands on.
- Features a high power 15-amp motor
- Includes a locking knob and safety hopper for protection
- Comes with a two-year warranty showing durability
- ETP approved chipper shredder
- May not handle medium to large sized branches
- More likely to jam than some options on the market
Earthquake 22752 Chipper Shredder
This chipper shredder is not a huge machine and is best used for residential purposes. It can help remove leaves and branches in your yard, as well as get rid of tomato vines, cornstalks, and cucumber vines. It has a 212 cc four-cycle gasoline engine with a rotation speed of 3,500 rpm.
It offers a bit more than six horsepower, which is enough strength to handle branches of up to three inches in diameter. Like many of these chipper shredders, it works best with straight pieces of wood which are dry or green as moist wood may cause a clog. It can easily break down a full 15-foot tree from trunk to branches, limbs, leaves, and twigs as long as it has been cut into sections beforehand.
This machine boasts a 20:1 shredding ratio which means that by the time the device chews through whatever you offer it, it will be twenty times smaller than it started. However, it does best with either leaves or twigs one at a time, so avoid feeding both at once or you may experience a jam.
The output is likely to be quite fine and perfect for a patch of mulch or use on a compost heap. Just like other machines of this level, it’s built very solidly and offers an all-metal body, rugged chutes, and touch plastic wheels.
The hopper is top mounted and you need to be careful as it is fairly narrow, however it does well on twigs and small branches. There is also a metal plate where a vacuum kit can be connected to suck in leaves without you needing to do it manually.
The installation isn’t very difficult for anyone who has worked with tools like this in the past. The manual guide is easy to understand. It is equally simple to start the machine by choking it and then you are ready to go.
- Lightweight, sturdy, and simple to maneuver
- Height makes loading leaves simple
- Collection bag is sealed well to prevent blowing debris
- Large wheels, small size, and handlebars make transport easy
- One of the most difficult chipper shredders to assemble
- Exhaust emits hot air which can be uncomfortable
PowerSmart PS10 Electric Garden Chipper/Shredder
Another of the top options for a home gardener is the PowerSmart SP10 Electric Garden Chipper/Shredder. It is a lightweight chipper that moves on wheels. This shredder is best for those on a budget who want a simple machine to do minor or medium cleanup around the yard or garden.
This chipper shredder has a 15-amp, 120V, 60Hz motor that can offer up to 4,500 rpm. It’s very easy to get started and operate, which is perfect for someone who is new to using this sort of device. It offers a safety hopper locking knob which keeps the motor from coming on when the hopper is open or loose.
This is a very mobile chipper shredder that is mobile with attached wheels. It weighs only 33 pounds, so it’s easy to move around as you need. It’s also fairly compact at only 37 inches high and can handle limbs of up to 1.25 inches.
While this is a residential model, it offers a sturdy construction to last. It also boasts a pair of six-inch wheels so you can easily maneuver in and out of tight spaces in your yard or garden. This makes it a good option if you have a strangely shaped space that you need to get around.
This electric wood chipper and leaf shredder is ideal for those with small yards or small gardens that need to be kept tidy and neat. It is also fairly quiet, especially compared to gas-powered machines. It can easily create mulch and have safety features that make it one of the best chipper shredders you will find.
- Great option for residential yards or gardens
- Simple to maintain and clean
- Offers an overload switch and locking knob for safety
- Compact and lightweight for easy transport
- Not as powerful as some of the other chipper shredders
- May experience some clogging and jamming
DK2 Power Gas Powered Chipper Shredder OPC506
Now that we’ve looked at a number of chipper shredders ideal for small home gardens and medium sized lawns, this last option is made to handle everything you can imagine. The DK2 Power Gas Powered Chipper Shredder OPC506 is a commercial level machine that goes beyond the others we’ve showcased before.
The cutting blades for this machine are 13 inches and feature a dual edge while being reversible, which means they can cut through most anything. Anything that can fit in the chipper shredder will be pulverized in seconds to offer convenience and quick work. This is not a machine that is playing around and it’s best used by experienced individuals.
There are auto-adjust cutters that can handle brush of up to 6.25 inches, nearly twice what most of the other chipper shredders on the market provided. The auto adjustment feature means less work for you, as does the auto blade branch feeding feature.
The spout on the chip chute is free and rotational, able to move up to 180 degrees. It is pickup bed height so big jobs can be completely with ease. The motor is a 14 horsepower Kohler CH440 commercial and the device comes with a three-year warranty.
In addition to having power and speed that you wouldn’t believe, this machine comes with all the extras. There is a built-in steel toolbox loaded with everything you need to start work. It includes safety glasses, work gloves, ear protection, and oil fill bottle, and all the tools you could need to assemble it.
- Capable of serious commercial work and environments
- Features 13 inch dual edge reversible cutting blades
- Can handle brush of up to 6.25 inches in diameter
- Includes built-in steel toolbox with needed accessories
- Extremely expensive and likely not best for home use
Guide to Selecting the Right Wood Chipper Shredder
What makes a chipper shredder so special is that it offers a wood chipper along with a shredder all in a single machine. It is the optimal option for someone who gardens and needs to clean up twigs, fallen leaves, and other yard debris. You can also easily get rid of pruned branches without heading to the dump; it can also offer the option for creating your own compost.
The chipped wood that a chipper shredder creates can be used around your yard to decorate. Beyond that, this too is one of the best for a homeowner who wants to keep their lawn looking great at all times. The first thing to understand before buying a chipper shredder is what the two processed consist of.
What a Chipper Is
The chipper section of the chipper shredder is capable of handling all your wood yard waste. It will take branches and trees from the trees in your yard and break them down into smaller and more manageable pieces. The chipper blades are much sharper and heavier than the shredder blades.
You should consider the type of wood that you will be working with when choosing the right chipper shredder. If you plan to chip wood that is over three inches in diameter, you will want a more powerful chipper or a chainsaw. This may mean choosing a more expensive chipper shredder or a chainsaw instead.
What a Shredder Is
The other part of the chipper shredder, the shredder, is designed to handle small twigs and branches along with leaves. There are flails or hinged blades that rotate in the shredder to chop up all these materials quickly and easily. After the items have been broken down, they are shot out into a bin, bag, or the ground.
What the shredder is great for is making mulch, which can then be used on your yard or garden. That means a shredder can save you time but also money as the leaves can go back into your garden.
Combination Chipper Shredder
A combination chipper shredder offers any homeowner the best of both a chipper and shredder all in one. It can handle leaves and branches of up to three inches in diameter without needing to swap out tools. It can also be less expensive to buy one chipper shredder than to buy a chipper and a shredder as separate tools.
You will find that electric chipper shredders tend to be less expensive than gas-powered machines. However, gas-powered machines are capable of handling larger jobs. Most people will want to choose a chipper shredder with large blades because this makes it easier for the waste material to make it through the machine’s chute.
You also want to be aware that there are two different drives available on these machines. Often the inexpensive models have a direct drive, which means the blades start running when the motor comes on. The other method is a clutch drive but stops when nothing is behind added into them. This helps prevent jamming, which his more common on direct drive machines.
If you go with a clutch drive model, it will be more durable and capable of dealing with larger loads. However, there are several other things to watch for when looking for the best chipper shredder for your needs. The power source, ratio reduction, size, capacity, the way it is fed, and type of debris bag or bin all make a difference in your final choice.
Mulcher Chipper Capacity
While you are searching for the perfect chipper shredder for yourself, you are going to want to take time to consider how large the branches are that you need to chip. The typical residential chipper shredder is going to be capable of handling a branch of up to three inches in diameter. Those with the need to chip larger branches may find it better to choose a powerful traditional chipper instead of a combination tool.
However, the truth is that most people looking for a chipper shredder for a garden will not need a larger and more powerful chipper.
Choice of Power Source
There are many types of wood chipper shredders on the market, and they have an assortment of different power sources. The power source that you choose will have an effect on how strong the chipper shredder is going to be.
An electrical chipper is ideal for someone with a small or medium sized yard with only leaves and small branches that require chipping and shredding. These machines require very little maintenance and are very portable. Electrical chippers also tend to be quieter and do not produce fumes.
If you are considering an electric chipper, think about how much electricity you will be using. You also want to consider how long your yard is. A huge yard is going to require durable, long extension cords. This can add to the risk of the machine and adds to the cost at the same time.
The perk of an electric chipper shredder is that using it is simple and it won’t bother your neighbors. However, a gas chipper shredder is going to be stronger and more capable.
Gas powered chipper shredders are ideal for large yards, wooded areas, and branches that are larger. They also are typically a bit larger than an electrical model. This is the case because they have more power and necessitate a larger engine and a fuel tank. This also means they can be harder to move around the yard.
The good news is that many modern gas powered chipper shredders come with wheels to make moving them a bit simpler. However, those who are concerned about the environment will want to consider an electric chipper shredder. They are friendlier to the environment since there are no fumes expelled while using them.
All About Reduction Radio
When you see a reduction ratio mentioned on a chipper shredder, this is the formula that is used to determine how small the machine is going to make the debris after it finishes the job. For instance, a reduction ratio of 8:1 means that the debris will go through the machine and come out at 1/8th the original size. The larger the reduction ratio is, the more powerful the chipper shredder actually is.
Shredding Chute Inclusion
You can often find chipper shredders that have one chute for both processes, but those with an independent shredder chute can offer something extra. This chute is used specifically for shredding up small debris such as fallen leaves. If you do a lot of general work in the garden, this is a feature you should look for in your ideal chipper shredder.
Choosing Bag Capacity
While it might not seem that important, the size of the debris bin or bag on your shredder and chipper is going to have a huge effect on your work in the yard. Many of them come with large bins or bags, which is a plus since chips and mulch are easily caught and can be used or disposed of. If you choose a machine with a capacity of 10 bushels, you will need to empty out the bin much less often.
Many of the traditional yard chipper shredders will have a capacity of two to three bushels. If you want to go with a larger capacity, be aware that this will make for heavier machines. If that is something you don’t want to deal with, get a smaller bag capacity and realize it will need to be emptied on a more frequent basis.
Other Things to Know About Using a Chipper Shredder
There are many things to be aware of when beginning to use a wood chipper shredder. Since this is a very powerful machine, safety is something important to be considerate of. You should always read through the manual of the chipper shredder you choose and follow any instructions about both how to use it and what safety precautions you should put in place.
Below, we’ll look at some of the basics of chipper shredders to be aware of.
You should always do what you can to use smaller loads when operating your new chipper shredder. Trying to feed through massive pieces of wood is more likely to lead to injury. Chippers move quickly and this can lead to some of the chipped pieces discharging backward. An overloaded chipper can end up discharging larger pieces which can injure those in the area.
When you are going to be operating a chipper shredder, it’s important to wear clothing that cannot get caught inside of the machine. Loose clothing can be a safety risk, so wear tighter clothing or tuck things in well. You don’t want dangling jewelry, loose hanging cuffs, ties or belts to get inside the machine.
Any of these things can end up in the machine and cause problems. Long hair or beards can do the same thing. Tying up your hair or wearing a hat is a great idea; a bear net can be used for those with long beards.
Practicing safety is always important, but especially so if you have a very powerful chipper shredder. Any chipper shredder is a powerful tool, though, which means you should always be aware of safety issues.
Using power tools means wearing proper protection. Having a pair of safety glasses will ensure your eyes are protected from any materials that come out of the machine. It may also be an excellent idea to wear ear protection, especially if you use a powerful gas powered chipper shredder for your work.
Some people may wish to hear a hard hat while using the chipper shredder to prevent flying debris from hitting and injuring you. Safety boots can also add an extra layer of protection. Since you will likely move the chipper shredder from place to place, steel-toed safety boots are a fantastic choice.
Feeding the Chipper Shredder
Most accidents occurring with a chipper shredder happen when feeding the machine. You must feed the branches and leaves into the chipper and should use a long branch or broomstick to do so. No matter how powerful the machine, keep your hands away from the blades, chute area, and hopper to avoid injury.
This is a powerful machine, so accidents can be serious if you do not follow the safety recommendations. Try to stay focused when using the chipper shredder and don’t allow yourself to become distracted to prevent any accidents.
Putting it Together
Having your own home can be a seriously rewarding thing, but keeping the yard nice and clean can take up a lot of time. When you choose one of the top chipper shredders, you can have a beautiful yard in no time. Get rid of branches and twigs easily and turn leaves into food for your garden.
Now you have the information you need to buy and operate one of the best chipper shredders out there. Look for one that fits your needs and yard work could be easier than ever as soon as it reaches your door. Take a look at our reviews to see the ones that are most likely to fit your needs and do great work.
spiritual being, homebody, traveler, etc…